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Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne Pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in vital blood and can cause disease and even death in people.


Always wear personal protective equipment when dealing with blood and other bodily fluids.

Types of bloodborne pathogens include, but not limited to:
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • Hepatitis B (HBV)

  • Hepatitis C (HCV)

Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens

Anytime there is blood-to-blood contact with infected blood or body fluids, such as saliva (dental procedures), vomit, semen or vaginal secretions, skin tissue there is a potential for transmission. Unbroken skin forms a generally good barrier against bloodborne pathogens. However, infected blood can enter your system through open sores, cuts, abrasions, acne, burns, open blisters. BBP not transmitted through touching, coughing, sneezing, sharing restrooms and water fountains.

Work Controls
  • Universal precautions-Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are infected.

  • PPE selection-Gloves, Gowns(Aprons), Face Shield, Eye protection, Shoe Covers, resuscitation barriers

  • Employee training

  • Use of Blood Spill Kits

  • Restricted access to waste collection points

  • Waste disposal procedures.

Smart Safety Rules
  • Wash exposed areas with antibacterial soap

  • Use the required personal protective equipment

  • Treat all human body fluids & items soiled with human body fluids as contaminated

  • No smoking, eating, drinking or storage of food

  • Maintained facilities in a near sanitary condition at all times

  • Disinfect all Health Treatment Area at least once per shift

  • Pre-soak all contaminated clothing

  • Disinfect all spills of body fluid

  • Report any suspected exposure to HIV/HBV/HCV to your supervisor

  • Place all medical wastes in a red leak-proof container marked either Biohazard or Medical Waste.

  • Use personal protective equipment when handling medical waste

  • Sharp objects should not be handled by hand to prevent accidental punctures and lacerations